Description & Character
The Entlebucher is the smallest of the Swiss Mountain Dog family. Unlike the more familiar Bernese, it has a short coat, but similar markings. It originates from the environs of the village of Entlebuch in the Canton of Luzern, which neighbours Bern.
The Entlebucher has an affable temperament making it an ideal family dog. Originally used to herd cattle and then pull milk carts, it is a very strong chested dog. They are bright, engaging and incredibly loyal, developing particularly strong attachments to their prime carer. Weighing in at between 23kg and 30kg they can cause many bruises in their affectionate enthusiasm.
They are incredibly clean dogs, requiring little grooming and take pride in maintaining their appearance. Moulting twice a year, they shed comparatively little hair at other times. Historically they were natural bob-tails. However, this is no longer the case, with their long black tails being distinctively tipped with white.
Exercise & Companionship
An Entlebucher develops a very strong bond with its principal carer and appreciates having human company. They are not a dog that is well suited to being left on their own for long periods of time.
They like the opportunity of free-running and although they are moderately demanding of exercise, you will generally tire before they do. As intelligent working dogs they enjoy the challenge of both agility trials and flyball.
A breeding programme is currently being developed in the UK which involves importing bitches from overseas and using stud dogs from other countries to increase the gene pool. The aim is to reach a level where the breed can be self supporting within the UK in the very near future.
As with many breeds it is important to test breeding animals for a number of conditions including progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), cataracts and hip dysplasia. With good breeding programmes there is no particular prevalence of these conditions. Other conditions that can be an issue in the breed are heart murmurs and ectopic ureter. Breeding under the club guidelines prohibits breeding from dogs that have a heart condition, cataracts or an unacceptably high hip score.